Pastoral landscape


Pastoral landscape painting emerged in the early 18th century, especially in England, concurrently with the Arcadian current that depicted the countryside as an idyllic place, a sort of Arcadia peopled by shepherds, shepherdesses, and their animals, side by side in peaceful harmony. In the 19th century, the verismo and realism movements renewed the landscape genre, painting their subjects outdoors and from life, inspired by the French Barbizon school, and replicated in Tuscany by painters from the Staggia school, whose founders included Telemaco Signorini. In Emilia-Romagna, Stefano Bruzzi reacted to industrial modernity by taking refuge in the Apennines above Piacenza, in Roncolo di Groppallo, to devote himself to painting rural scenes from life, with pristine landscapes serving as the backdrop for the humble, quiet life of peasants, at one with nature in a crystal-clear, timeless atmosphere.